10 scientific discoveries that may change the world
Most people, when they see a science fiction movie, think, at least once, "how I would like to live in the future" - but in fact the future is already here, and we are surrounded by technological developments that prove time and time again that there is no limit to what humanity can achieve and do. Scientists from all over the world work day and night to improve the lives of all of us, and they are slowly achieving positive results that can certainly change the whole world. Want to know exactly what this is and how your life will change in the near future? Meet the 10 most recent scientific discoveries in various fields.
1- Rewalk - It’s not just walking – it’s More Than Walking:
ReWalk is a wearable robotic exoskeleton that provides powered hip and knee motion to enable individuals with spinal cord injury (SCI) to stand upright, walk, turn, and climb and descend stairs*. Invented in Israel ReWalk is the first exoskeleton to receive FDA clearance for personal and rehabilitation use in the United States.
2- The first full-color x-ray
Scientists have created the world's first X-ray, in color and 3D scan using a device based on the original X-ray machine. The new device uses particle detection technology called Medipix, which also used the large particle accelerator on the Swiss-French border to find the Higgs boson elementary particle, whose existence was only theoretical until 2012. MediPix technology works like a subatomic camera that provides high contrast images. Color x-rays can clearly show differences between muscles, bones and cartilages, as well as the size and location of cancerous tumors.
3- A vest that warns of a heart attack a few days in advance
The smart vest looks like a simple vest, but inside it there are sensors and electrodes that do ECG tests, blood pressure and pulse 24 hours a day without the need for a doctor. The information about the tests is sent directly to the smartphone using an application, and according to the inventor of the vest, there is even the possibility of predicting heart attacks two days in advance by identifying abnormal cardiac activity. The vest has already been tested on volunteers and has shown good results, and we can expect it to be available for purchase in the next few years.
4- Drops of eyes that remove the need for glasses
This development comes from Israel too, and these days researchers at Shaare Zedek Medical Center and Bar Ilan University are working on eye drops that correct the cornea of the eye. This means that with the use of eye drops on a daily basis you can permanently get rid of the glasses. The product has already been tested and shown great results.
The drops are effective for both nearsightedness and farsightedness, and according to one researcher, they can even prevent cataracts and make our vision even better than it is naturally.
5- The first Flying Taxi
At first glance, Aerocar EHang 184 looks like a skimmer (UAV), but it is much more than that. This is a flying vehicle that can drive 2 people up to 15 kilometers at a speed of 130 kilometers per hour, but this is not the most surprising thing. This flying vehicle does not require a pilot because it is completely autonomous and has already been successfully tested and tested in China. According to the developers of the flying vehicle, passengers will only have to mark their destination, and it will take them there alone.
6- An exoskeleton of a hand controlled by the power of thought
Scientists have succeeded in creating a prototype of a hand that can be controlled with the power of thought. In previous versions, electrodes had to be attached to the hand under the skin of the body, but now they are in a helmet that should only be put on the head. It is very easy to control the hand and the learning process takes a few minutes, when it has been tried on people who have been injured in the spine or have had a stroke. Now engineers are working on improvements to make this hand good enough for mass production
7- Editing genes for the treatment of diseases
In August 2017 experts succeeded in successfully modifying fetal genes that are responsible for the development of heart disease. But the significant innovation in biological engineering is that gene editing is probably also possible for a living and adult person. Genetic analysis has been carried out to erase the disease from the body, and researchers are still waiting to see the results of the process, and if they are positive, it would be possible to treat serious diseases related to genetics through the process of gene editing
8- The “cancer drug” is just around the corner
Modern medicine is making huge strides in making the word "cancer" much less threatening. Although cancer cannot be cured completely for the time being, it is possible that soon overcoming the disease will be much easier and simpler. As early as 2017, several people who have been battling cancer have received advanced treatment for cervical cancer, in which sperm is sent with a special drug to the uterus. As a result, 90% of cancer cells have been completely removed, and this method appears to be more effective than chemotherapy and may replace them.
9- Water was found on Mars
Science has long known that the red star was once full of liquid, and indeed has ice reservoirs, but researchers are still looking for evidence that Mars has liquid water and found it in July 2018. The Italian space agency found an underground water reservoir using advanced radar, 20 km and a depth of 90 cm. This gives great hope to future settlement on the planet, which is scheduled to begin in 2022.
10- Birth control pills - soon for men too
For years scientists have been trying to develop birth control pills for men, but the problem is that they have always been found to have severe side effects, such as causing extensive damage to the liver. However, in March 2018 researchers announced that they may soon release the first anti-pregnancy pills for men who work and are not harmful.
In these pills there is a combination of hormones that suppress sperm production, and like the pills that exist for women, they should be consumed regularly once a day. In addition to being effective, the subjects reported only minor side effects that did not impair their daily routine. One of the most prominent side effects is changes in cholesterol levels, but it is not yet a phenomenon that will rule out the possibility that these pills will be available for purchase in the near future.
By Eli Beck EDB-China Oct. 2018 Shanghai